Role of duck plague virus glycoprotein C in viral adsorption:Absence of specific interactions with cell surface heparan sulfate


JING Yan-chun;WU Ying;SUN Kun-feng;WANG Ming-shu;CHENG An-chun;CHEN Shun;JIA Ren-yong;ZHU De-kang;LIU Ma-feng;YANG Qiao;JING Bo;CHEN Xiao-yue;


Institute of Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Sichuan Agricultural University;Key Laboratory of Animal Diseases and Human Health of Sichuan Province;Avian Diseases Research Center, College of Veterinary Medicine, Sichuan Agricultural University;


Many mammalian herpes viruses utilize heparan sulfate(HS) moieties present on cell surface proteoglycans as receptors for cell entry, and this process also requires viral glycoprotein C(gC) homologues. However, our understanding of the role of gC in facilitating attachment of other alpha-herpes viruses such as the duck plague virus(DPV) remains preliminary. To study the role of gC during DPV infection, we used a gC-deleted mutant virus(DPV-ΔgC-EGFP). Examination of the viral copy number by real-time PCR, as well as time course studies of viral adsorption and proliferation revealed that gC was involved in the viral binding to the cell surface. The affinity of viral glycoproteins(g B-DPV, gC-DPV, and g E-DPV) to HS was assessed using a prokaryotic expression system and HiTrap~(TM) Heparin HP column chromatography. In addition, to confirm that gC played a role in the interaction between DPV and HS, viruses were treated with the HS analogue heparin and host cells were treated with its inhibitors heparinase prior to exposure to DPV-ΔgC-EGFP or wild-type strain Chinese virulent duck plague virus(DPV-CHv). The effects of heparin and heparinase on virus infectivity demonstrated that function of gC on viral adsorption is independent of interactions between gC and heparin sulfate on cell surface. All in all, this study demonstrated that the gC of DPV can mediate viral adsorption in an HS-independent manner, which distinguish it from the gC of some other alpha-herpes viruses. Future studies will be required to identify the receptors involved in gC protein binding to cells. This work provides us a foundation for further studies of examining the roles of gC in the adsorption during duck plague virus infection.


duck plague virus(DPV);;glycoprotein C(gC);;heparan sulfate(HS);;viral adsorption