New Variants of Wild Red-fleshed Kiwifruit in Jiugongshan Region and Their Application Prospect

【Author】

Guorong MAO;Qingjia MAO;College of Horticulture and Gardening,Yangtze University;Administrative Commission of Jiugongshan National Nature Reserve of Hubei Xianning;

【Institution】

College of Horticulture and Gardening,Yangtze University;Administrative Commission of Jiugongshan National Nature Reserve of Hubei Xianning;

【Abstract】

The collection of wild kiwifruit germplasms has already proved its worth with the development of valuable new kiwifruit cultivars.Through field investigation and consulting the existing literature,this paper illustrates that Jiugongshan region in China is a unique gene bank of excellent wild kiwifruit germplasm resources on the boundary between Hubei and Jiangxi provinces. It is also one of the important birthplaces of breeding materials for new kiwifruit cultivars in China. The paper introduces the main characteristics of two wild red-fleshed kiwifruit germplasms discovered in this region,and one of them is a new large-fruited variant of wild red-fleshed kiwifruit. The main fruit qualities of the large-fruited form are that short fruit stalk,large fruit( the maximum fresh fruit mass of about 81. 2 g),moderate sweetness and sourness,reddish to red inner pericarp,the ripe fruit soluble solids content 14. 10%,total sugar 8. 84%,total acid 1. 18%,vitamin C 644. 3 mg/kg. It is expected to be cultivated into a new edible cultivar( line) or ornamental and edible cultivar( line) of Actinidia chinensis,which has a broad prospect of development and utilization.

【Keywords】

Wild red-fleshed kiwifruit;;Short fruit stalk;;Jiugongshan region

References

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Total: 7 articles

  • [1] WANG Ming-zhong(Sichuan Institute of Natural Resources,Chengdu 610015), Sustainable Breeding Research of Actinidia Chinensis Var. Rufopulpa, Resource Development & Market,
  • [2] Hongwen Huang South China Botanical Garden/South China Institute of Botany,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Guangzhou 510650,China, History of 100 Years of Domestication and Improvement of Kiwifruit and Gene Discovery from Genetic Introgressed Populations in the Wild, Chinese Bulletin of Botany,
  • [3] SUI Li-yun 1,2 ,LIU Yi-fei 1 ,and HUANG Hong-wen 1,* ( 1 Key Laboratory of Plant Resources Conservation and Sustainable Utilization,South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Guangzhou 510650,China; 2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China), Genetic Diversity of Red-fleshed Kiwifruit Germplasm Based on Fruit Traits and AFLP Markers, Acta Horticulturae Sinica,
  • [4] QI Xiujuan;XU Shankun;LIN Miaomiao;LI Yukuo;SUN Leiming;FANG Jinbao;Zhengzhou Fruit Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences·Key Laboratory for Fruit Tree Growth,Development and Quality Control;, Research advances on fruit coloring mechanism in red-fleshed kiwifruit, Journal of Fruit Science,

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