CHEN Jie;LIU Yafei
School of Economics and Trade, Hubei University of Economics;School of Economics and Trade, Hubei University of Economics
Marriage has always been an important factor that affects women’s labor participation. However, domestic research has only regard marital status as a control variable, lacking an in-depth analysis of the mechanism between marital status and labor participation, and endogenous problems have not received attention. Based on labor participation decision-making, starting from the determinants of market wages and reserved wage, the empirical analysis is carried out using the Third Survey of Women’s Social Status data. Under the framework of marriage, the effects of personal characteristics, family characteristics, generational characteristics and macroeconomic characteristics on female labor participation are discussed. Based on the Probit model, the regression results show that the married status has a significant negative impact on women’s labor participation compared with the unmarried, and the negative impact on urban women is greater than that on rural women. For different birth cohorts, the influence of marital status on female labor participation is different. Through the Wald test, it is found that there is an endogenous relationship between marital status and labor participation for urban samples. For rural samples, marital status is not an endogenous variable for labor participation, so the endogenous analysis of the following is based on urban samples. The regression results of the two-step IV Probit model show that the negative impact of married status on labor participation has been significantly greater after endogeneity has been controlled through the population sex ratio and revision of marriage registration regulations. This is closely related to the fact that many urban women nowadays are late married because of their education and career pursuit. Improving the labor participation of married women requires the improvement of the social public service system and labor market to alleviate the conflict between family and career for women.
marital status;endogeneity;women’s labor participation
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