TAO Tao;LIU Wenli
Population Development Studies Center, Renmin University of China;Population Development Studies Center, Renmin University of China
This study uses the data from the 2014 China Longitudinal Aging Social Survey to investigate the elderly people’s old age concept and intention for old-age support of one-child families and multiple-child families respectively, mainly focusing on the determinants of their intention. The results show that the majority of the elderly still agree with the concept of “raising sons to support parents in their old age” and believe that the responsibility for providing care for the elderly should mainly be undertaken by children. Home support is still the most acceptable way for the elderly. Compared with the elderly from multiple-child families, the elderly from one-child families prefer to live independently and have lower expectations for their children’s elderly care responsibilities. However, they have higher demand for their children’s spiritual support and expect more support from the government and society. Personal factors and family factors jointly shape the elderly’s intention for old-age support, but they have different influences on the two types of elderly. From the perspective of personal factors, education level will more significantly affect the elderly’s intention for old-age support in multiple-child families, especially their attitude towards institutional care. From the perspective of family factors, for the elderly in one-child families, the spouse seems to play a more important role than the children, which has a more important impact on their intention for old-age support, while the elderly with spouse prefer to live independently. Having a son or not has an impact on both types of elderly people, but its significance is different. For the elderly of the multiple-child families, whether there is a son or not has a significant impact on the family decision, namely, raising a son or not determines whether they live in their own families or in their children’s families. For the elderly in one-child families, raising a son or not has a significant impact on the elderly care choice between family and society.
one-child families;multiple-child families;the elderly;intention for old-age support
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