Center for Population and Development Studies, Renmin University of China;Population Studies Center for University of Pennsylvania
Under the two-child policy, Chinese families are suffering from increasing burden of child-rearing, most of which falls on women. In this study, we emphasize that the public policies should help achieve gender equity by comparing the impacts of different institutions and polices in the developed countries on population change. Though a few policies on maternal leaves in China are from the gender perspective, they have limited effects on alleviating family members’ family-work conflicts. We suggest that the gender equity should be promoted in various public policies, including those concerning labor force participation, education of young children, and old-age support.
gender equity;two-child policy;family development;public policies
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