Determinants and effects of return migration in China

【Author】

REN Yuan;SHI Wen

【Institution】

Institute of Population Research, Fudan University

【Abstract】

This paper examines the factors associated with return migration using data from a survey on rural labor migration and urbanization in seven provincial regions in the central and western regions of China. Rural return migration is influenced, on the one hand, by employment status, income, and social security exclusion in cities, and on the other hand, by family life, family labor size and land acquisitions in the villages. Return migration is a combined result of “active return” and “passive return,” and is of individual and family decision making. The authors analyze the positive effects of return migration, resulting in Brain Gain based on migrants’ human capital accumulation during their migration. Returned migrants are more likely to engage in non-agricultural activities and entrepreneurial activities. Migration and return migration jointly help mobilize labor market and promote rural-urban development in China.

【Keywords】

labor migrants;return migration;return migration effect;migration effect

References

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Springer Journals Database

Total: 36 articles

  • [1] Bai,Nansheng & He,Yupeng, Returning to Native Place or Immigrating to Big Cities for Working: A study on the phenomena of farmer-labor's returning home from the cities, Sociological Research,
  • [2] by Wang Xiyu, Cui Chuanyi and Zhao Yang, Jobbing and Homing: Employment Transfer and Rural Growth, Management World,
  • [3] Zhou Hao is Associate Professor, Population Institute of Capital University of Economics and Business; Liang Zai is Professor, Sociology Department of New York State University., Return Migration in China:An Analysis of the Fifth Census Data, Population Research,
  • [4] Cai He & Wang Jin, A Study on Migrant Workers' Permanent Migration Intentions, Sociological Studies,

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