Family care arrangements and policy needs of preschool children in China: an analysis based on multiple data sources

【Author】

WU Fan;WANG Lin

【Institution】

Department of Social Work and Social Policy, Nankai University;Department of Sociology, Nankai University

【Abstract】

Based on multiple survey data, the paper analyzes the situations and characteristics of family care arrangements for children aged 0–5 in China. Conducted by different organizations between 2010 and 2014, the multiple surveys show high childcare deficits, heavy burdens of mothers, imbalanced responsibility between motherhood and fatherhood, and a high proportion of childcare by grandparents. These problems not only directly affect the healthy growth of children, women’s employment and development, and the quality of family life, but also affect the implementation of the two-child policy. One of the key reasons of these problems is the lack of institutional support for childcare, particularly the shortage of formal care for children under 3 years old. “Work-family” balance has become a universal and rigid social need. From a macro point of view, childcare is a necessary condition for population reproduction. From the perspective of family policy, it is necessary to extend the paternity leave and parental leave, to develop formal care services for children aged 0–3, and to promote the balance between work and family for childcare givers.

【Keywords】

childcare;family care;formal care;family policy

References

To explore the background and basis of the node document

Springer Journals Database

Total: 32 articles

  • [1] He Jianhua(Women's Studies Institute of China,Beijing 100730), Systems Types and New Policies of Child Care and Education in Several Developed Countries, Studies in Preschool Education,
  • [2] He Jianhua, Jiang Yongping (Women’s Studies Institute of China, Beijing 100730), On the Chinese Child-care Policy and Situation Today from the View of Supporting Women to Reconcile Work and Family Responsibilities, Studies in Preschool Education,
  • [3] Project Group of the 3rd Survey on the Status of Chinese Women(ACWF,Beijing 100730,China), Executive Report of the 3rd Survey on the Status of Chinese Women, Collection of Women's Studies,
  • [4] Zhang Liang;Family Study Center, Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences;, The Development and Reference of Childcare Policy in Europe and United States, Contemporary Youth Research,

More>>