Parental influence on women’s second-child birth plan in urban China

【Author】

JIN Yongai;ZHAO Menghan;SONG Jian

【Institution】

Center for Population Development Studies, Renmin University of China;Center for Population Development Studies, Renmin University of China;Center for Population Development Studies, Renmin University of China

【Abstract】

Using data from the 2016 fertility survey conducted in 12 cities of 6 provinces in Chinese mainland, this study discussed the intergenerational effects on women’s plan for a second child in the era of universal two-child policy. We only focus on the main targeted group of this policy change—married women aged 20–44 who have only one child in urban China, contributing to the discussions regarding future fertility trend. Overall, the results suggest that parental childcare supports and fertility preferences significantly affect women’s birth plan. Specifically, the probability of having a second-child birth plan is higher if parents can provide childcare assistance, prefer to have two or more grandchildren or have sex preference. Also, family income is positively associated with women’s plan to have a second child and moderates parental effects. The influence of parental sex preference on women’s second child plan is stronger in families with higher income.

【Keywords】

second-child birth plan;parental influence;birth preference;instrumental support

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