Husbands’ housework share and women’s hazards of entering parenthood

【Author】

ZHAO Menghan;JI Yingchun

【Institution】

Center for Population and Development Studies, Renmin University of China;School of Sociology and Political Science, Shanghai University

【Abstract】

Previous Chinese literature on women’s hazards of giving births focused on the impacts of policies or marital and childbearing histories. Against the background of low fertility rate, gender and intergenerational relations rather than policy interventions exerted more influences on Chinese women’s childbearing behaviors. Under the framework of new home economics and gender equity theory, and gender and development approach regarding fertility, this study discussed about how Chinese women’s economic activities and changes in gender relations might affect women’s hazards of entering parenthood. By using the data from a longitudinal survey, this paper used the event history analysis to test how the housework division and wives’ economic activities influenced the hazards of giving first births. The results suggested that women earning higher incomes tended to have lower hazards of giving first births. Living with women’s mothers-in-law together increased the hazards of entering parenthood. Also, husbands’ greater involvement in housework was related to higher hazards of giving first births, and this relationship was obvious in households that could hardly get help from women’s mothers-in-law.

【Keywords】

women’s economic activities;gender relations;division of household labor;hazards of giving first births

References

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Total: 21 articles

  • [1] Guo Zhigang is Professor, Department of Sociology, Peking University; Li Jianzhao is Graduate Student, Department of Sociology, Peking University., Second Birth Intervals in Rural China:An HLM Analysis, Population Research,
  • [2] Zhai Zhenwu is professor of Center for Population and Development Studies and dean of School of Sociology and Demography;Chen Wei is professor of Center for Population and Development Studies,People's University of China., Chinese Fertility in the 1990s, Population Research,
  • [3] Wu Xiwei, The Effects of First Marriage and First Birth on Second Birth Interval for Chinese Women at Childbearing:A Study Using Split Population Survival Model, Chinese Journal of Population Science,
  • [4] WANG Jun;Institute of Population and labor Economics,CASS;, the Effects of Family Planning Policy on the Birth Interval Between the First and The Second Child, South China Population,

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