ZHAO Menghan;JI Yingchun
Center for Population and Development Studies, Renmin University of China;School of Sociology and Political Science, Shanghai University
Previous Chinese literature on women’s hazards of giving births focused on the impacts of policies or marital and childbearing histories. Against the background of low fertility rate, gender and intergenerational relations rather than policy interventions exerted more influences on Chinese women’s childbearing behaviors. Under the framework of new home economics and gender equity theory, and gender and development approach regarding fertility, this study discussed about how Chinese women’s economic activities and changes in gender relations might affect women’s hazards of entering parenthood. By using the data from a longitudinal survey, this paper used the event history analysis to test how the housework division and wives’ economic activities influenced the hazards of giving first births. The results suggested that women earning higher incomes tended to have lower hazards of giving first births. Living with women’s mothers-in-law together increased the hazards of entering parenthood. Also, husbands’ greater involvement in housework was related to higher hazards of giving first births, and this relationship was obvious in households that could hardly get help from women’s mothers-in-law.
women’s economic activities;gender relations;division of household labor;hazards of giving first births
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