SONG Jian;JIN Yongai;WU Linfeng
Center for Population and Development Studies, Renmin University of China;Center for Population and Development Studies, Renmin University of China;Chengdu Bureau of Statistics, Sichuan
Using the 2016 fertility survey data from 12 cities in 6 provinces in Chinese mainland, this study empirically investigates how gender preferences impact a couple’s intentions for a second child. Specifically, we discuss how the consistency of preferences between the husband and wife is related to their intentions for a second child and desire for the gender of the second birth. The results suggest that about 59% of the couples have the same gender preference, in which the preference for having both a son and a daughter ( Ernyv Shuangquan) is the dominant type and no preference is the secondary, while the proportion of only son or daughter preference is low. Couples who have the same gender preference are more likely to reach an agreement about having a second child or not, and they also show the same desire for the gender of the second child. Husbands and wives with different gender preferences do not show lower second-child intentions. This is because the gender preference of either husband or wife will lead to higher intentions for a second child. Additionally, for couples who have intentions for a second child, the gender preference of husband rather than wife is more likely to be the same with the desire for the gender of the second child.
gender preference;second-child intentions;gender desire for the second child
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