Efficacy impacts of psychological factors on primary dysmenorrhea treated with acupuncture


XIONG Jin LIU Fang 1 WANG Wei 2 HUANG Guang-ying 1 1. Institute of Integrated Chinese and Western Medicine, 2. Department of Neurology,Tongji Hospital Affiliated to Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, Hubei Province, China ZHANG Nan




Objective To explore the relationship between psychological factors and efficacy of acupuncture on primary dysmenorrhea. Methods Sixty cases of primary dysmenorrhea were observed. Before acupuncture treatment, the self-designed confidence questionnaire was used to assess patients’ confidence in acupuncture efficacy. Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) was adopted to assess patients’ tension level during acupuncture. Self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) and self-rating depression scale (SDS) were applied to assess the situations of patients’ anxiety and depression. Eysenck’s personality questionnaire (EPQ) and Cattell sixteen personality factors questionnaire (16PF) were provided to assess the personal characters of patients. Pain intensity, pain duration and accompanied symptoms were recorded before and after acupuncture treatment so as to assess the efficacy. Canonical correlation analysis was used to analyze the relationship between the psychological factors and acupuncture efficacy on primary dysmenorrhea. Results There were significant differences in grading of dysmenorrhea, pain intensity score and pain duration after treatment as compared statistically with those before treatment (all P<0.001). The standardized coefficients of dominance (r=0.679 7) and anxiety (r=-0.590 6) in personality factors and the reduction of pain duration (r=0.904 2) among efficacy indices were the highest. The overall correlation coefficients were all lower between the indices of psychological factors and canonical variables of dysmenorrhea efficacy. Conclusion Acupuncture efficacy on primary dysmenorrhea has a certain correlation with dominance and anxiety of patients’ personality factors. But, the psychological factors do not play a leading role in acupuncture treatment.


Psychological Factors; Primary Dysmenorrhea; Deqi; Acupuncture Analgesia


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  • [1] Wang Weidong (Guang Anmen Hospital of Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine of China, Beijing ), Exploration of the Relationship Between the Acupuncture and Moxibustion Medicine and Psychosomatic Medicine, China Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Pharmacy,
  • [2] Victor Vickland;;Carole Rogers;;Ashley Craig;;Yvonne Tran, Anxiety as a factor influencing physiological effects of acupuncture, Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice,
  • [3] Aihui Li;;Yi Wang;;Jiajia Xin;;Lixing Lao;;Ke Ren;;Brian M. Berman;;Rui-Xin Zhang, Electroacupuncture suppresses hyperalgesia and spinal Fos expression by activating the descending inhibitory system, Brain Research,
  • [4] Claudia M. Witt;;Thomas Reinhold;;Benno Brinkhaus;;Stephanie Roll;;Susanne Jena;;Stefan N. Willich, Acupuncture in patients with dysmenorrhea: a randomized study on clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness in usual care, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology,


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