LI Lei;JIANG Dianchun;WANG Xiaojie
Institute of International Economics, Nankai University;Center for Transnationals’ Studies, Nankai University;Collaborative Innovation Center for China Economy, Nankai University;Institute of International Economics, Nankai University;Center for Transnationals’ Studies, Nankai University;Collaborative Innovation Center for China Economy, Nankai University;Management College, Ocean University of China;Center for Management Innovation and Environmental Strategy, Ocean University of China
In view of China’s growing gender employment gap, this paper examines the relationship between entry of foreign capital, gender employment gap and enterprise exit by the use of multiple enterprise-level microeconomic databases. The results show that entry of foreign capital reduces the gender gap in employment, thus lowering the likelihood of enterprise exit. The results are robust and remain unaltered in considering sample bias, for different measurements of entry of foreign capital and domestic firms. Moreover, we demonstrate that the effects of market competition and technological progress are the underlying forces that lead to the results. This paper provides a significant referential value in formulating policies to attract foreign direct investment to China and improving labor market equality and enterprise competitiveness.
entry of foreign capital;gender employment gap;enterprise exit;competition;technological progress
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