Luo Lizhu , Wang Xiaolin , Fu Xiaoguo, Zhang Yanzhi, Zhao Zheng- ping, Liu Chunrong (China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900, China)
<正> The surface and bulk properties of Ce-5% La were studied with X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and X-ray diffraction (XRD), respectively. The XRD analysis shows that cerium in bulk is in γ-phase, and its lattice parameter is 0.516 nm. And we also find Ce2O3 in the bulk from the XRD figure but no existence of metal lanthanum because of its small quantity. The XPS analysis shows that there are always oxides existing in the surface. The O1 s peak always exists at the binding energy of 530. 3 eV, which may be attributed to Ce2O3 and La2O3, but no evidence was found for the existence of CeO2. It is concluded that there is a thick layer of Ce2O3 on the sample surface. And the Ce3d peak show multi-split in the figure, in which there are two peaks in each region, 3d5/2 and 3d3/2, and the binding energy of these peaks are 882. 86, 887. 70 eV for 3d5/2, and 901. 44, 905. 93 eV for 3d3/2. The special phenomena can be attributed to the changes of 4f electronic configuration, and the cerium in the sample exhibits properties similar to Ce2O3. But the influence of the addition of lanthanum to cerium is not visible, and further investigations are expected.
Ce-5% lanthanum alloy; XRD; XPS; rare earths
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