Experimental Investigation and Feasibility Analysis of the Thermophotovoltaic System using Industrial High-temperature Waste Heat


Xi Wu 1,a,Hong Ye 1,b,Jianxiang Wang 1,c,Xiaojie Xu 2,d and Xiaotong Ge 2,e 1 Department of Thermal Science and Energy Engineering,University of Science and Technology of China,Hefei,Anhui,230027,P.R.China 2 School of Physics Science and Technology,Soochow University,Suzhou,Jiangsu,215006,P.R.China


The experimental I-V characteristics of a Si cell module in a thermophotovoltaic system using a SiC radiator were investigated.The results demonstrate that the short-circuit current increases while the open-circuit voltage,especially the fill factor decreases as cell temperature increases when the radiator temperature increases from 1273K to 1573K,leading to a lowered increase of the system output power.The maximum output power density of the cell module is 0.05W/cm 2 .The values of the open-circuit voltage and the maximum output power obtained by theoretical analysis agree well with the experimental ones.But the theoretical short-circuit current are higher because of the existence of contact resistance inside the cell module.In addition,the performance and cost of a TPV cogeneration system using industrial high-temperature waste heat were analyzed.The system electrical efficiency is 8.6% when the ytterbium oxide radiator temperature is 1573K.The system cost and investment recovery period are 13105EUR/kW el and 10 years,respectively.


thermophotovoltaic,industrial waste heat,ytterbium oxide,system efficiency


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Total: 13 articles

  • [1] MAO Lei, YE Hong, CHENG Qian(Department of Thermal Science and Energy Engineering,University of Science and Technology of China,Hefei 230027,China), Numerical Analysis on Thermal Radiation-electricity Module in a Thermophotovoltaic System, Chinese Journal of Computational Physics,
  • [2] Y. H. Li;C. Y. Wu;Y. S. Lien;Y. C. Chao, Development of a high-flame-luminosity thermophotovoltaic power system, Chemical Engineering Journal, Chemical Engineering (Chemical Engineering)
  • [3] Bauer T;Forbes I;Pearsall N, The potential of thermophotovoltaic heat recovery for UK industry, International Journal of Ambient Energy,
  • [4] K. Chakrabarty and S. N. Singh, Depletion layer resistance and its effect on I-V characteristics of fully- and partially-illuminated silicon solar cells, Solid-State Electronics, Solid State Electronics (Solid State Electronics)


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