Shouhong WANG;Lanying ZHAO;Lusha LIU;Dengwei YANG;Janak Raj KHATIWADA;Bin WANG;Jianping JIANG;Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences;University of Chinese Academy of Sciences;
Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences;University of Chinese Academy of Sciences;
Access to embryonic developmental stages is essential basic work for understanding how organisms develop. In this study, seven egg clutches(range 209–564 eggs) of ornamented pygmy frog Microhyla fissipes(Amphibia, Anura, Microhylidae) were obtained from seven breeding pairs in laboratory. One egg clutch of them was observed for the embryonic development, and the staging table of normal development was constructed based on morphological and physiological characteristics. Forty-five developmental stages were defined for M. fissipes, and two major developmental periods were designated: 1) early embryonic development period(stages 1–28), from fertilization to operculum completion stage, lasted for 82.6 hours at water temperature(WT) 23–25℃; 2) larval development period(stages 29–45), from operculum completion to tail complete absorption stage, took 38 days at WT 22–26.5℃, showing that the embryos of this species develop rapidly. In addition, the tadpoles were transparent, which is similar to those in field. These characteristics suggest that M. fissipes would be a good model to study developmental biology, adaptive mechanisms from aquatic to terrestrial phases, environmental toxicology, and human disease.
Microhylidae;;embryonic stage;;external characters;;morphogenesis
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