Evaluation of germ-cell kinetics in infertile patients with proliferating cell nuclear antigen proliferating index

【Author】

Li ZENG, Xiang-Tian KONG, Jin-Wei SU, Tong-Li XIA;Yan-Qun NA;Ying-Lu GUO Institute of Urology,Peking University, Beijing 100034, China

【Abstract】

Aim: To explore the usefulness of proliferating cell nuclear antigen proliferating index (PCNA PI) in the pathologicaldiagnosis and treatment of male infertility. Methods: Testicular biopsy specimen obtained from 48 cases of male in-fertility and 2 normal controls were fixed and embedded. The sections were stained with anti-PCNA monoclonal anti-bodies or haematoxylin/eosin. Proliferating index (PI), expressed as the percentage of germ-cell nuclei positivelystained with PCNA antibody, was assessed from more than 20 seminiferous tubules or 600 germ-cells. Results: Theinfertile patients were divided into 4 groups: Group 1, normal spermatogenesis (14 cases); Group 2, hypospermato-genesis (16 cases); Group 3, germinal arrest (10 cases); Group 4, Sertoli cell only syndrome (8 cases). The PCNAPI of normal control testis was 86.5 % (mean value). Group 3 had a significantly lower PCNA PI (29.8 %) than nor-mal testis; Group 1 and 2 had similar Pis (82.3% and 82.3%, respectively) as the control testis. PI of the negativecontrol (Group 4) was 0 as no germ-cells were found. Conclusion: PCNA PI is useful for assessing germ-cell ki-netics, especially for pathological diagnosis of germinal arrest which is difficult to differentiate by routine HE stainingtechnique. In germinal arrest, there is a significantly lowered PCNA PI, which is an indication of DNA synthesis dete-rioration, suggesting the use of therapies be different from those for hypospermatogenesis. (Asian J Androl 2001 Mar;3: 63-66)

【Keywords】

male infertility;;testis;;kinetics;;proliferating cell nuclear antigen

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