DU Shao-ting, ZHANG Yong-song and LIN Xian-yong Key Lab of Environmental Remediation and Ecosystem Health, Ministry of Education/College of Environmental and Resources Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029, P.R.China
In recent times, there are two kinds of completely opposite viewpoints about the impacts of nitrate on human health. To further objectively understand the effects of nitrate on human health, both of harmfulness and possible benefits of nitrate to human body, it is discussed in this review from the aspects of nitrate accumulation in vegetables, the source of nitrate ingested into human body, and the transformation of nitrate in human body, as well as the pathogenesis and physiological functions of nitrate metabolism.
vegetable, nitrate, methemoglobin, carcinogenesis, human health, NO, bacteria
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