Insight into enzymatic degradation of corn,wheat,and soybean cell wall cellulose using quantitative secretome analysis of Aspergillus fumigatus

【Author】

Prakriti Sharma Ghimire;Haomiao Ouyang;Qian Wang;Yuanming Luo;Bo Shi;Jinghua Yang;Yang Lu;Cheng Jin;

【Abstract】

Lignocelluloses contained in animal forage cannot be digested by pigs or poultry with 100%efficiency.On the other hand,Aspergillus fumigatus,a saprophytic filamentous fungus,is known to harbor 263glycoside hydrolase(GH)encoding genes,suggesting that A.fumigatus is an efficient lignocellulose degrader.Hence the present study uses corn,wheat or soybean as a sole carbon source to culture A.fumigatus under animal physiological condition as to understand how cellulolytic enzymes work together to achieve an efficient degradation of lignocellulose.Our results showed that A.fumigatus produced different sets of enzymes to degrade lignocelluloses derived from corn,wheat,or soybean cell wall.In addition,the cellulolytic enzymes produced by A.fumigatus were stable under acidic condition or at higher temperatures.Using isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification(iTRAQ)approach,total of-600 extracellular proteins were identified and quantified,in which-50 proteins were involved in lignocellulolysis,including cellulases,hemicellulases,lignin-degrading enzymes and some hypothetical proteins.Data are available via ProteomeXchange with identifier PXD004670.Based on quantitative iTRAQ results,14 genes were selected for further confirmation by RT-PCR.Taken together,our results indicated that the expression and regulation of lignocellulolytic proteins in the secretome of A.fumigatus were dependent on both nature and complexity of cellulose,thus suggesting that different enzyme system is required for degradation of different lignocelluloses derived from plant cells.Although,A.fumigatus is pathogenic fungus and cannot be directly used as an enzyme source,as an efficient lignocellulose degrader its strategy to synergistically degrade various lignocelluloses with different enzymes can be used to design enzyme combination for optimal digestion and absorption of corn,wheat,or soybean that are used as forage of pig and poultry.

【Keywords】

Aspergillus fumigatus;;ITRAQ;;Lignocelluloses;;Secretome;;Lignocellulolytic proteins;;Forage

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