Effects of Sulfate Residues on the Interaction of Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor with Heparin Evaluated by Combination of Computer Modeling and Surface Plasmon Resonance methods


Chao Yapeng;Fan Zheng;Pei Jianfen;Qian Shijun;


Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) technology was utilized for kinetic analysis between basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and heparin derivatives in order to quantitatively investigate crucial sites in the sugar chains. The strongest binary interaction was bFGF/DE-6-OS-heparin (KD=1.11nM). Affinity between N-acetyl heparin and bFGF became lower when the amino group was acetylated instead of being sulfated. KD values of bFGF/DE-2-OSheparin, bFGF/DE-OS-heparin decreased dramatically when Osulfates on corresponding sites were removed. This was further confirmed by a molecular modeling based on the computer modeling with SYBYL software. From the electrostatic energy Analysis, the binding energy of bFGF/heparin, bFGF/DE-OS-heparin, bFGF/Nacetyl heparin, bFGF/DE-2-OS-heparin, bFGF/DE-6-OS-heparin were -735, -547, -465, -610, -679, respectively. DE-OS-heparin. Nacetyl heparin, DE-2-OS-heparin resulted in more loss of binding capability in compared with the original heparin. It was concluded that SPR technology could be used rapidly, quantitatively, sensitively and within real time to detect molecular process of unknown complex sugar chains/growth factor interactions in combination with the computational molecular modeling in the discovering stage from the complex molecular library.


bFGF; Heparin derivatives; Kinetic Studies; Surface plasmon resonance; Molecular modeling.


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  • [1] Yu Guangli 1 Wang Qun 2 Guan Huashi 1 Xu Jiamin 1 Robert J. Linhardt 2 (1 Institute of Marine Foods and Drugs, Ocean University of Qingdao, Qingao 266003, China)(2 Division of Medicinal and Natural Products Chemistry, University of Iowa, IA 5224, Preparation of Bovine Lung Heparin Oligosaccharides, Journal of Ocean University of Qingdao,
  • [2] Joseph Schlessinger;;Alexander N. Plotnikov;;Omar A. Ibrahimi;;Anna V. Eliseenkova;;Brian K. Yeh;;Avner Yayon;;Robert J. Linhardt;;Moosa Mohammadi, Crystal Structure of a Ternary FGF-FGFR-Heparin Complex Reveals a Dual Role for Heparin in FGFR Binding and Dimerization, Molecular Cell,
  • [3] Fuming Zhang;;Melissa Fath;;Rory Marks;;Robert J. Linhardt, A Highly Stable Covalent Conjugated Heparin Biochip for Heparin–Protein Interaction Studies, Analytical Biochemistry,
  • [4] IshanCapila;Robert J.Linhardt, Heparin–Protein Interactions, Angewandte Chemie International Edition,


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